The Holy Family with the Young Saint John the Baptist, oil on wood, 1528-’29. Andrea del Sarto, Italian, 1486-1530. Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
This painting at the height of the Renaissance, is the summation of much study and experimentation on the part of the artist who, it is believed, represented himself in the figure of Saint Joseph.
Madonna and Child, oil on wood, late in the artist’s life; a devotional painting Andrea del Sarto, Italian, 1486-1530. Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
One hundred years later we have this masterpiece of realism. No halos. Note the hair escaping onto the right forehead of Mary, above her right ear and on her neck. And also the lack of adult authority or poise in the depiction of Jesus and the realistic asymmetry of his eyes.
The colour green has also been eliminated but I don’t know whether this is or is not meaningful.
Virgin and Child, c. 1641, oil on canvas. Jose Jusepe de Ribera, 1591-1652, Spanish. Philadelphia Museum of Art